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Concourse 2

Considering taking the Cambridge Delta?


This series of short guides is intended for anyone who is considering moving on from an initial qualification (such as CELTA) to a more advanced course in English Language Teaching.
This guide is to set the scene and get you thinking about what you need to know and whether you are ready for the demands of this most prestigious qualification.
Before you go on, if you have not already done so, you will be wise to read through the Delta overview so talk of Modules and so on will not be mysterious.  Click here to do that.
(All links mentioned on this page are repeated in the table at the end.)


Why take Delta at all?

Mastery of your profession requires more than a short course and a bit of experience.  In outline, mastery also involves:

  1. Subject knowledge: mastery of the structure, grammar, genres and text types of English and a knowledge of how it differs from other languages.
  2. Procedural knowledge: mastery of a range of teaching approaches and techniques.
  3. Methodological knowledge: a thorough understanding of the theoretical underpinnings of a range of approaches and methods in ELT and the ability to link this understanding to classroom practice, course design and planning, including assessment and evaluation of learners' skills and knowledge.
  4. The ability to consider and take into account specific learner needs.
  5. The ability to consider and take into account the needs and requirements of other stakeholder (sponsors, parents, national educational authorities etc.).

(For more, see the article on what mastery involves.)

No initial course can provide you with more than a superficial understanding of these areas but if you want to call yourself a fully qualified professional you need an in-depth understanding of all of them.
Many of these will be covered on other sorts of courses such as MAs in TESOL but few will combine theoretical understanding with an assessment of the ability to put ideas into practice.  It is also worth noting that, expensive though they are, Delta courses cost around one half to one quarter of the costs of a master's degree.

The other obvious reasons for taking a course include the fact that the qualification will allow you to progress professionally into academic management, teacher training, materials writing and marketing.  Without a qualification at this level, you will be hampered if your ambitions lie beyond the classroom.

Many people feel that having their initial qualification and a few years' solid experience behind them is all they need to be a competent and efficient teacher of English.  In some cases, that's true.
However, Delta is not a super CELTA – it is qualitatively different as well as requiring more of you.  The difference is:

  1. An initial training course (such as CELTA) begins from the premise that you know nothing about teaching
    A Delta course starts from the premise that you have acquired through training and/or experience a range of essential teaching behaviours and seeks to build on that
  2. An initial course relies on tutors modelling teaching procedures and techniques and getting the trainees to copy what they do.  Feedback on your practice comes from others.
    A Delta course focuses on your classroom behaviour and planning skills to refine them and develop in you more alternatives and procedures.  Feedback comes from others and from your own reflection on your practice.
  3. An initial course provides the minimum theoretical background needed for specific lessons and classroom procedures
    A Delta course requires you to do extensive reading and research fully to master the underlying principles of what you do or plan to do in the classroom
  4. An initial course is incremental in building on each stage of your training in the expectation that this will lead to some professional competence by the end of the course
    A Delta course requires you to reflect on your own teaching and seek ways to improve and develop your skills leading to mastery of the skills you need
  5. CELTA (and one other recognised initial qualification) is at Level 5 of the Ofqual scheme in Britain.  I.e., it is at the same level as a foundation degree or higher education diploma and is a taught course in its entirety.
    Delta is at Level 7 of the same scheme.  I.e., at the same level as a master's degree and requires much more independent work and study.

If you prefer a diagram:


The aims of both sorts of course are the same – professional competence – but the level and the ways of getting there differ markedly.


The background

Are there minimum qualifications to take a Delta Course?

Ideally, you should have an initial teaching qualification plus at least one year's experience, preferably in more than one setting and with a range of types of learners.  However, many course providers will bend these requirements slightly if they believe that you have other, compensating skills and experience and a good chance of being successful.  Other providers may require more, such as a first degree.

To enter for Modules One and Three of the Delta scheme, you don't need to take a course at all so there are no minimum qualifications and background experience requirements.

Additionally, you are required to write, in suitable academic style over 12,000 words during a course, not including lesson plans, so the ability to use English competently and appropriately is vital.
That admonition applies whether you are a native or a non-native speaker of English.


Preparing for Delta

The majority of people opt to take a full course for Delta, preparing for all three Modules at the same time.  There is no requirement to do this because you can enter independently for Modules One and Three and you can take the Modules in whatever order you like.  Only Module Two, because it involves assessment of practical teaching skills, requires you to take a course at a recognised centre with accredited tutors.
Once you have decided how you are going to do the Delta, here are some places to go on this site to prepare you in terms of language and skills analysis, methodological background, terminology and practice.
(All links open in a new page or tab, so close the page to return to this one.)

Language analysis: these are the main headings and most important guides.  Within the guides, you will find links to specific areas
a language analysis course this is a short course covering the main aspects of language analysis
verbs index this is the main index page for this section which will give you links to other areas, including:
verb types this will give you an overview of types of verbs and clauses, essentially to understanding the area
modality index there is a series of guides here to different aspects of the modal systems in English
verbal processes this will give you an insight into what verbs do in English (and most other languages)
syntax index this index links to guides considering phrase and clause structures and how clauses are coordinated and subordinated and much else, including:
modification how phrases and clauses are built
essential sentence grammar the analysis of the types of sentences
phrase structure how phrases are constructed
clause structure how clauses are constructed
lexis index the index page with links to other areas, including considerations of various word classes and meaning
pronunciation index with links to guides considering vowels, consonants, connected speech phenomena, stress and intonation etc.
functions index the guides linked from here concern more sophisticated concepts than you encountered on an initial training course
discourse index with guides to referencing, cohesion and deixis
methodology index there are guides in this index to most commonly recognised approaches (and some less common ones)
background index these guides consider background theories of language acquisition and much else including culture, language typing and the history and development of ELT
skills index the main index here will link you to guides helping you understand, teach and assess language skills
teaching and materials index guides to aspects of teaching such as giving and getting feedback, noticing and so on
teacher development this link takes you to some ideas of what to do before a Delta course to develop your teaching skills
Other guides related to Delta
the Delta index this index provides links to all the Delta-specific topics on this site
the Delta overview to familiarise yourself with the components of the Delta scheme
what mastery involves the article which sets out what it means to be a master practitioner in our field
the Delta Module One course this is a free preparation course on this site for Delta Module One to prepare you for the examination
the Delta Handbook this is a free guide to the whole of the Delta scheme to help you before and during a course
the in-service index for guides to language systems and skills at Delta level
the initial plus index for simpler guides to many areas
the A-Z index for an index of all the guides in the training sections of this site